Collagen copolymer toric posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens in eyes with keratoconus01/06/2010
Alfonso JF, Fernández-Vega L, Lisa C, Fernandes P, González-Méijome JM, Montés-Micó R.
To assess the safety, efficacy, stability, and predictability of collagen copolymer toric phakic intraocular lens (pIOL) implantation to correct myopia and astigmatism in eyes with keratoconus.
Fernández-Vega Ophthalmological Institute, Oviedo, Spain.
This prospective study comprised keratoconic eyes that had implantation of a toric Intraocular Collamer Lens. Uncorrected (UDVA) and corrected (CDVA) distance visual acuities, refraction, and postoperative complications were evaluated 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively.
Preoperatively, the mean spherical equivalent in the 30 eyes (21 patients) was -5.38 diopters (D) +/- 3.26 (SD) (range -13.50 to -0.63 D) and the mean cylinder, -3.48 +/- 1.24 D (range -1.75 to -6.00 D). At 12 months, 86.7% of the eyes were within +/-0.50 D of the attempted refraction and all eyes were within +/-1.00 D. For the astigmatic components J0 and J45, 83.3% of eyes and 86.7% of eyes, respectively, were within +/-0.50 D. The mean Snellen UDVA was 0.81 +/- 0.20 and the mean CDVA, 0.83 +/- 0.18; CDVA was 20/40 or better in 29 eyes 96.7% of eyes and 20/25 or better in 22 eyes (73.3%). No eyes lost more than 2 lines of CDVA; 29 eyes (96.7%) maintained or gained 1 or more lines. The efficacy index was 1.07 and the safety index, 1.16. There were no complications or adverse events.
The results confirm that toric ICL implantation is a predictable, effective procedure to correct ametropia in eyes with keratoconus. Predictability and stability were achieved early and remained fairly stable up to 12 months.